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Best Robot Vacuums – 2024

Vacuum Wars

The current Vacuum Wars Best Robot Vacuum ranking based on our own independent evaluation.

Dreame L20 Ultra Robot Vacuum

Dreame L20 Ultra

Great CLeaning Performance

Roborock S8 Pro Ultra Robot Vacuum

Roborock S8 Pro Ultra 

Powerful Roborock

Roborock S7 Max Ultra Robot Vacuum

Roborock S7 Max Ultra

Reactive Obstacle Avoidance

Roborock Q Revo Robot Vacuum

Roborock Q Revo

 Auto Mop Washing

Roborock S8 Plus Robot Vacuum

Roborock S8+

Ultrasonic Carpet Detection

The Evolution and Advantages of Robot Vacuum Cleaners

Robot vacuums have come a long way in their 20-year history, transforming from simple gadgets into sophisticated home cleaning solutions. The latest advancements in robot vacuum technology have made them more useful than ever, automating not just vacuuming but also mopping tasks.

Robot Vacuums we have evaluated at Vacuum Wars.
Robot Vacuums we have evaluated at Vacuum Wars. © Vacuum Wars

Two Main Categories of Robot Vacuum Cleaners

In our view, there are two primary categories of robot vacuums: budget and advanced models. Budget robot vacuums, largely unchanged over the years, offer basic navigation and cleaning features. They’re great for simple tasks but lack the advanced capabilities of their higher-end counterparts.

On the other hand, advanced robot vacuums are in a league of their own. These models boast features like LiDAR or VSLAM for efficient navigation, obstacle avoidance sensors, sophisticated mopping systems, and a range of app-based controls, including virtual barriers. The rapid pace of innovation in this category means that new features are being added constantly.

The Ideal Choice for Pet Owners

Advanced robot vacuums offer several options for managing hair tangles and dealing with pet hair, making them highly effective for households with pets or individuals with long hair. These vacuums are equipped with hair detangling technology, which is designed to prevent hair from wrapping around the brush roll or, if it does wrap, to remove the hair automatically. This technology significantly reduces the need for manual cleaning of the brush roll and ensures the vacuum maintains its cleaning efficiency.

During the initial vacuuming sessions, it’s common for the robot vacuum to collect a considerable amount of hair and debris, especially from areas that might not have been vacuumed frequently before. This can sometimes lead to clogs in the vacuum’s brushes or dustbin in its first cleaning session. Therefore, be sure to monitor the vacuum closely during its first few runs and be prepared to assist by removing any clogs or tangles that occur. This early period is also an opportunity to understand how much debris your household generates and to adjust the vacuuming schedule accordingly.

As you use the vacuum more, you’ll gain insights into how frequently your home needs vacuuming to maintain a clean environment. This learning phase helps optimize the vacuuming routine to match your household’s specific needs, balancing between thorough cleaning and the maintenance requirements of the robot vacuum.

Advanced models may also adapt their cleaning patterns or suggest more frequent cleanings in high-traffic areas, further customizing the cleaning experience to your home’s requirements.

Robot Vacuum Cleaner Riding by Pet Cat
Our cat and the robot vacuum ignoring each other. © Vacuum Wars

Robot Vacuums and Carpet

When considering a robot vacuum that will effectively vacuum carpeting, there are several key features and capabilities to look for. 

  • High Suction Power: Carpets require more suction to remove dirt, dust, and pet hair from their fibers. Look for a robot vacuum with high suction power, measured in Pascals (Pa), capable of deep cleaning carpets. Models with adjustable suction can adapt to different carpet pile heights and types for optimal cleaning.
  • Carpet Detection Technology: These vacuums possess sensors that specifically detect carpeted surfaces. Upon recognizing a carpet, the vacuum can automatically increase suction power to ensure a deeper clean, catering to the unique demands of carpeted flooring. 
  • Automatic Mop Lifting or Deactivation: For robot vacuums with mopping capabilities, it’s essential to prevent the mop from wetting carpets. Advanced models can either physically lift the mopping module or deactivate the mopping function when they detect a carpet. This smart adaptation prevents carpets from becoming damp or damaged during the cleaning cycle.
  • No-Mop Zones: Through the use of mobile apps, users can program no-mop zones within their homes. This feature is particularly useful for households with mixed flooring, allowing the vacuum to mop hard floors while avoiding carpeted areas entirely. By defining these zones, users ensure that the robot vacuum only mops where it’s safe and necessary, maintaining the integrity and dryness of carpets.
  • Extended Battery Life: Vacuuming carpets requires more energy, so opt for a model with a long battery life to ensure it can cover your carpeted areas in a single charge.  Additionally, a “Recharge and Resume” feature will ensure that after a vacuum has returned to its dock to recharge, it will then resume where it had previously stopped and complete the cleaning session. 

Selecting a robot vacuum with these features will help ensure that your carpeted floors are well-maintained and clean, enhancing the overall cleanliness and air quality of your home.

It’s important to note that, despite their advancements, robot vacuums still lag behind cordless and upright models in deep cleaning carpets. They excel at surface debris pickup but may not match the deep cleaning capabilities of traditional vacuums.

Robot Vacuum and Mop Combos

Advanced robot vacuums that also have mopping capabilities are increasingly popular, offering a comprehensive floor cleaning solution. These hybrid models combine the convenience of vacuuming with the ability to mop floors, making them highly efficient for maintaining cleanliness across various types of flooring. Here are some key options and features to consider when exploring advanced robot vacuums that can mop:

  • Mop Head Movement: Some models feature vibrating or oscillating mop heads that mimic the action of hand scrubbing, providing a deeper clean for tough, dried-on stains.
  • Multiple Cleaning Modes: Depending on the level of dirt or type of flooring, users can select different cleaning modes, adjusting suction power, water flow, and mopping intensity.
  • Precision Water Control: Advanced mopping systems allow for precise control over the water flow, ensuring that the mop pad is adequately moistened without leaving excess water on the floor. This feature is crucial for preventing damage to sensitive flooring types.

Keep reading for more information about how mopping capabilities can be seamlessly integrated into your lifestyle. These features are becoming more integrated with the full set of advanced robot vacuum features and specifications.

Robot Vacuum evaluations in our studio.
We try all of our robot vacuums’ mopping capabilities in our studio. © Vacuum Wars

Advanced Docking Systems

Docking stations for advanced robot vacuums have evolved significantly, becoming more than just a place for the robot to recharge. These stations now offer a range of functionalities designed to enhance convenience, improve cleanliness, and extend the autonomy of robot vacuums, especially those with mopping capabilities. Here’s an overview of the key features and technologies incorporated into modern robot vacuum docking stations:

Water Management

  • Auto-Refilling: Some docking stations can automatically refill the robot vacuum’s water tank, ensuring it has enough water for mopping tasks without manual intervention. This feature is particularly useful for large homes or areas that require extensive mopping, as it allows the robot to continue cleaning without needing to pause for refills.
  • Dirty Water Disposal: Advanced docking stations are equipped to handle not just the clean water supply but also the disposal of dirty water collected during mopping. After completing its cleaning cycle, the robot docks and automatically empties the dirty water into a designated reservoir in the station, which can then be manually emptied by the user.

Auto Brushroll Drying and Cleaning

  • Brushroll Drying: To prevent mold growth and unpleasant odors, some docking stations feature hot air drying systems. After the robot vacuum docks, these systems blow hot air onto the brushroll (and sometimes the mop pad), ensuring they are dry and ready for the next cleaning session.
  • Brushroll Cleaning: Automatic brushroll cleaning functions help remove hair, fibers, and other debris tangled around the vacuum’s brushes. This feature is particularly valuable for pet owners, as it significantly reduces the need for manual cleaning of the brushroll, maintaining the vacuum’s performance and extending the lifespan of its components.

Auto-Emptying Dustbins

  • Dustbin Emptying: A standout feature of many advanced docking stations is their ability to automatically empty the dustbin of the robot vacuum. This system usually involves the dock sucking the debris from the robot’s dustbin into a larger bag or bin within the dock, capable of holding several weeks to months’ worth of dirt and dust. This significantly reduces the frequency of manual intervention required to maintain the vacuum.

Integrated Maintenance

  • Maintenance Reminders: Beyond physical cleaning and refilling tasks, some docking stations are smart enough to remind users when it’s time to perform maintenance activities, such as replacing the dust bag, cleaning filters, or emptying the dirty water reservoir. These reminders can be communicated through the robot’s app, ensuring the device remains in optimal condition.

Connectivity and Smart Features

  • App Integration: Modern docking stations often integrate with smartphone apps, providing users with detailed reports on cleaning activities, maintenance needs, and the ability to control and schedule cleaning sessions remotely. Some may also support voice commands through smart home systems like Amazon Alexa or Google Assistant.

Design Considerations

  • Compactness and Aesthetics: As these docking stations incorporate more features, manufacturers also focus on their design, striving to keep them compact and aesthetically pleasing so they can blend seamlessly into a variety of home decors.

The evolution of docking stations into multi-functional hubs reflects the broader trend in home automation towards devices that offer greater convenience and autonomy. By addressing maintenance tasks such as water management and auto brush roll cleaning, these advanced stations not only save time for users but also ensure that robot vacuums can perform at their best with minimal human intervention.

Dreame L30 Ultra
Dreame L30 Ultra docking station.

Robot Vacuum Navigation Systems

Advanced robot vacuums utilize a variety of navigation systems and technologies to move through homes efficiently and ensure thorough cleaning. The evolution of these systems reflects significant advancements in robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), and sensor technology. Here’s a look at the primary navigation systems in use today:

1. Random Navigation

Early robot vacuums navigated spaces using a simple algorithm that changed direction upon encountering obstacles. This method, while basic, allowed vacuums to cover a large area over time but often resulted in missed spots and repeated cleaning of the same areas.

2. Gyroscope and Accelerometer-Based Navigation

These systems use gyroscopes and accelerometers to track the vacuum’s movements and orientation, enabling it to move in straight lines and follow a more systematic cleaning path than random navigation vacuums. This method improves coverage and efficiency but lacks the precision of more advanced technologies.

3. Infrared and Ultrasonic Sensors

Utilizing infrared and ultrasonic sensors, vacuums can detect obstacles and cliffs (such as stairs), allowing them to navigate around objects and avoid falls. While effective for obstacle avoidance, these sensors do not provide detailed information about the environment’s layout.

4. LiDAR Navigation

LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) technology uses laser beams to create a detailed map of the vacuum’s surroundings, including the location and size of objects. This allows for precise navigation, efficient route planning, and the ability to clean systematically in neat rows. LiDAR-equipped vacuums can also save maps of different floors and spaces, optimizing their cleaning routes over time.

5. Visual (Camera-Based) Navigation

Some advanced robot vacuums incorporate cameras and computer vision technology to navigate. These vacuums take pictures of their surroundings, using recognizable landmarks (like furniture and doorways) to orient themselves and map the area. Visual navigation enables these vacuums to adapt to changes in their environment, plan efficient cleaning paths, and even recognize specific rooms.

6. VSLAM (Visual Simultaneous Localization and Mapping)

VSLAM combines visual navigation with simultaneous localization and mapping algorithms to create detailed maps of an environment while tracking the vacuum’s location within that environment. VSLAM allows for efficient route planning, obstacle avoidance, and the flexibility to clean specific areas as needed.

7. AI and Machine Learning

The latest robot vacuums integrate AI and machine learning to enhance navigation and cleaning efficiency further. These technologies enable vacuums to learn from their environment, improve their performance over time, and make intelligent decisions, such as identifying the type of surface they are cleaning or recognizing and avoiding specific obstacles like cables or pet waste.

Comparison and Use Cases

  • Random and Gyroscope-Based Navigation: Best for smaller, less cluttered spaces where precision mapping is less critical.
  • LiDAR and VSLAM Navigation: Ideal for larger, complex homes with multiple rooms, furniture, and varying floor types. These systems offer the most efficient and thorough cleaning by meticulously mapping and navigating the space.
  • Visual Navigation: Useful in homes where the layout changes frequently, as these systems can adapt to new obstacles and environments.

The choice of navigation technology impacts the robot vacuum’s performance, efficiency, and suitability for different home environments.

Robot Vacuum Smart App
Robot Vacuum Smart App © Vacuum Wars

Robot Vacuum Obstacle Avoidance

Obstacle avoidance in robot vacuums is a critical feature that significantly enhances the functionality, efficiency, and safety of these devices. It involves the use of various technologies to detect, navigate around, or over obstacles within a home, such as furniture, toys, stairs, and pets, to ensure thorough cleaning without manual intervention or the risk of damage. Here’s an overview of how obstacle avoidance works in robot vacuums:

Technologies Used for Obstacle Avoidance

  1. Infrared Sensors: Early robot vacuums primarily used infrared sensors to detect obstacles by emitting an infrared signal and measuring the reflection off objects. While effective for basic navigation, infrared sensors may struggle with dark-colored or transparent objects.
  2. Ultrasonic Sensors: Similar to infrared, ultrasonic sensors emit sound waves to detect obstacles. These sensors can cover a broader range than infrared sensors and are less likely to be confused by color, but they can still have limitations with certain materials.
  3. LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging): LiDAR technology uses laser beams to map out the room’s layout in detail, including the location of objects and their sizes. This allows for precise navigation and the ability to plan efficient cleaning paths, avoiding obstacles with high accuracy.
  4. Optical Cameras: Some robot vacuums are equipped with cameras that capture images of their surroundings. Combined with computer vision algorithms, these devices can recognize and navigate around objects and even learn the layout of your home over time.
  5. 3D Sensors and Structured Light: Advanced models use 3D sensors and structured light to create a three-dimensional map of the cleaning area. This technology can detect and navigate around smaller objects, uneven surfaces, and drop-offs more effectively than 2D sensors.
  6. AI and Machine Learning: Incorporating AI and machine learning enables robot vacuums to learn from their environment and improve their navigation and obstacle avoidance capabilities over time. They can identify objects, understand their context, and make decisions on how best to clean around them.

Benefits of Advanced Obstacle Avoidance

  • Enhanced Efficiency: Improved navigation means faster cleaning times and less human intervention.
  • Reduced Risk of Damage: By avoiding obstacles, there’s less risk of the vacuum damaging itself or household items.
  • Thorough Cleaning: Advanced systems can navigate tighter spaces and around complex obstacles, leading to a more thorough clean.
  • Adaptability: AI and machine learning allow the vacuum to adapt to changes in the environment, such as new furniture arrangements.

Obstacle avoidance technology offers a more sophisticated and efficient cleaning solutions for consumers. By selecting a vacuum with advanced obstacle detection features, users can enjoy a more hassle-free and effective cleaning experience.

Choosing a Location for your Robot Vacuum

Choosing the ideal location for a robot vacuum docking station involves considering several key factors to ensure optimal functionality, convenience, and integration with your home environment.

Firstly, the footprint and height of the docking station should fit comfortably within the chosen space, allowing for easy access and maneuverability for the robot vacuum to dock and undock without obstruction. It’s essential to place the station near a power outlet to facilitate seamless charging, while also ensuring the area allows for the robot’s navigation sensors to work effectively, avoiding tight corners or areas heavily cluttered with furniture that could hinder its path.

If the station is to be placed out in the open, consider models with child locks to prevent tampering by pets and small children, which can help avoid accidental interruptions or damage.

To keep the docking station from sticking out, it’s important to choose a design that matches your home’s style. Many models come in color choices like dark or light, making it easier to find one that fits right in with your decor.

Additionally, maintaining a clear perimeter around the docking station will enhance the vacuum’s ability to return for charging or waste disposal efficiently.

Lastly, the location should ideally be central to the areas most frequently cleaned, minimizing the robot’s travel time to start its cleaning cycle, thereby optimizing its battery life and cleaning efficiency.

Robot Vacuum docked in out home.
This robot vacuum and dock are positioned clear of obstacles. © Vacuum Wars

Stay Updated with Our Recommendations

As the technology rapidly evolves, our recommendations for the best robot vacuum cleaners change frequently. For the most current picks, including our top budget and premium selections, be sure to visit our website or check the links provided.

In conclusion, robot vacuums offer a blend of convenience, innovation, and efficiency, making them an increasingly popular choice for modern homes. Explore our selections to find the perfect robot vacuum that fits your lifestyle and cleaning needs.

Our latest Best Robot Vacuum competition. © Vacuum Wars

Still robot vacuum shopping? Check out our robot vacuum reviews, comparisons and guides.

Best of the Best

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Best Upright Vacuums
Best Carpet Cleaners
Best Air Purifiers